A
ACIDOSE : the blood is more acidic than normal (pH above 7,35)
ANALOGUE INSULIN : insulin produced in the laboratory to last longer or shorter, and to act faster or slower
ANALYSES OF URINE : to find glucose or ketons in the urine
 
C
COMPLEX GLUCID : with several molecules of glucose (found in rice, potatoes, corn)
 
G
GLUCAGON : hormon, which is secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreas and which makes glyceamia rise
GLUCIDES : it’s a category of food, carbohydrates(pasta, rice,potatoes,bread)
GLUCOSE : sugar in the blood, energy for the muscles
GLUCOSURIE : presence of sugar in the urine, expressed in gr/dl or by a “+” sign
GLYCEAMIC BALANCE : godd levels of glyceamia and good HbA1c
 
H
HbA1c : hemoglobine upon the glucose fixes itself
HEMOGLOBIN : substance containing iron and which gives the red blood globuls their red colour
HORMON : chemical substance produced by a gland in the body
HYPOGLYCEAMIC COMA : fainting do to high hypoglyceamia
 
I
INSULIN PUMP : small device used to administer insulin
INSULIN : hormon which is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas and which opens the door the the glucose to enter the cells
 
K
KETONS : chemical product found in the urine when you are either very hyper or very hypo
KETOSE : presence of ketons in the blood
 
L
LANGERHANS ISLETS : small “islands” of cells in the pancreas producing insulin and glucagon
LIPIDS : fats
LIPODYSTROPHIE : small lump on the skin coming from repeatedly injecting in the same place
 
N
NAUSEA : the need to vomit
NPH : slow insulin with prolonged action
 
P
PANCREAS : gland which is situated in the stomach and which produces insulin and glucagon
PEN : special needle in the form of a pen enabling you to give yourself a jab in order to test your glyceamia levels
 
S
STARCHY FOOD : vegetables containing starch(potatoes,corn, rice)